MPA Logo, San Francisco Maritime National Park Association, USS Pampanito, Historic Ships at Hyde Street Pier, Education Programs Maritime Park Association Home Page Maritime Park Association Home Page Events Maritime Park Association Home Page Maritime Park Association Home Page Maritime Park Association Home Page Volunteer Membership Donate Maritime Park Association Home Page USS Pampanito Submarine Historic Ships at Hyde Street Pier Education Programs About Maritime Park Association Home Page Directions to Maritime Jobs at Maritime Facility Rental at Maritime Trustees of the Association Calendar Press Room Store Maritime Map
Drawing of bottom of periscope, handles down

The Fleet Type Submarine Online
Submarine Distilling Systems


Submarine Distilling Systems manual cover
Folks,

Submarine Distilling Systems, Navpers 16170, is one of a series of submarine training manuals that was completed just after WW II. This volume was updated in 1955. The series describes the peak of WW II US submarine technology.

In this online version of the manual we have attempted to keep the flavor of the original layout while taking advantage of the Web's universal accessibility. Different browsers and fonts will cause the text to move, but the text will remain roughly where it is in the original manual. In addition to errors we have attempted to preserve from the original (for example, it was H.L. Hunley, not CS Huntley), this text was captured by optical character recognition. This process creates errors that are compounded while encoding for the Web. Please report any typos, or particularly annoying layout issues with the Mail Feedback Form for correction.

Our thanks to IKON Office Solutions (now Ricoh USA http://www.ricoh-usa.com) for scanning services.

Richard Pekelney
Webmaster


Drawing of bottom of periscope, handles down Search MARITIME.ORG


NavPers 16170
Produced for ComSubLant by Standards and Curriculum Division Training, Bureau of Naval Personnel. Submarine Distilling Systems
Revised: January 1955
 


This is one of a series of Submarine
Training Manuals. The series includes:
 
1. The Fleet Type Submarine NavPers 16160
2. Submarine Main Propulsion Diesels NavPers 16161
3. Submarine Electrical Installations NavPers 16162
4. Submarine Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Systems NavPers 16163
5. Submarine Distilling Systems Navpers 16163A
6. Submarine Air Systems NavPers 16164
7. Submarine Periscope Manual NavPers 16165
8. Submarine Trim and Drain Systems NavPers 16166
9. Submarine Sonar Operator's Manual NavPers 16167
10. Submarine Underwater Log Systems NavPers 16168
11. Submarine Hydraulic Systems NavPers 16169
12. Torpedo Tubes, 21-Inch submerged, Mks 32 to 39 O.P. 1085
 
ii

PREFACE
 
This manual has been revised by the U. S. Naval Submarine School, New London, Connecticut. It is designed as both an instruction and a service manual covering the established procedures for the operation and maintenance of the distilling equipment used on a modern submarine.

The manual includes a description of the uses to which distilled water is put in a submarine.

The Model S and the Model X-1 distilling systems are described in full detail. Relative instructions for operation, maintenance, inspections and repairs for distilling plants with alterations and conversions and repairs are included. Separate chapters covering the operation and the care and maintenance of each system are included. Detailed descriptive information is given on starting and stopping procedures, installation and repair techniques, and inspection routines. Free use is made of job sheets outlining in chronological order the steps necessary for the successful completion of the more common. maintenance and service conditions. Newly constructed submarines use various designs of distilling plants which will be mentioned briefly in text.

 
iii

CONTENTS
Page
CHAPTER 1. DISTILLATION OF SEA WATER: A. Fresh water 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE MODEL S DISTILLING UNIT:
A. Principles of Distilling Action 3
3. MECHANICAL DETAILS OF MODEL S DISTILLING UNIT:
A. General Description 9
B. The Two-Lobed Roots-Connersville Compressor 11
C. Control Devices 12
D. The Desuperheater 16
4. OPERATION OF THE MODEL S DISTILLING UNIT:
A. Primary Operations 18
B. Starting Operations 18
C. Operations While Running 20
D. Operation of the Motor 20
E. Stopping Operations 21
F. Hull Pressure Changes 21
G. Operating with Fresh Water 21
5. CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF THE MODEL S DISTILLING UNIT:
A. Retarding Scale Formation 22
B. The Two-Lobed Roots-Connersville Compressor 22
C. Cleaning the Model S Distilling Unit 25
6. DESCRIPTION OF THE MODEL X-1 DISTILLING UNIT:
A. Introduction 30
7. MECHANICAL DETAILS OF THE MODEL X-1 DISTILLING UNIT:
A. General Description 35
B. The Three-Lobed General Motors Compressor 37
C. Control Devices on Model X-1 Distilling Unit 38
D. The Desuperheater 41
E. Heat Exchanger 43
8. OPERATION OF THE MODEL X-1 DISTILLING UNIT:
A. General Principles 46
B. Starting the Model X-1 Distilling Unit 48
C. Operation of the Motor 50
D. Stopping 50
E. Operating Difficulties 50
F. Distilling Units with Snorkel Conversions Operating Instructions 56
9. CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF THE MODEL X-1 DISTILLING UNIT:
A. Repairs 59
B. Cleaning 62
10. NEW SUBMARINE DISTILLING UNITS
A. Badger Model V-1 70
B. Badger Model WS-1 300 GPD Distiller 72
C. Cleaver-Brooks 300 GPD Distiller 74
D. Vapor Compression Distilling Unit Model Y-1 75
E. Soloshell Two Effect Distilling Plant 83
 
iv

ILLUSTRATIONS
Page
2-1. Model S distilling unit (cutaway view) 4
2-2. Model S distilling unit (schematic view) 5
2-3. Piping arrangement, Model 8 distilling plant (two units) (Face p.6)
3-1. Electric heater 10
3-2. Vent damper 11
3-3. Pressure gage 13
3-4. Vent thermometer 13
3-5. Weir 14
3-6. Relief valve 14
3-7. Bypass valve 15
3-8. Pressure reducing valve 15
3-9. Flow control or feed valve 16
5-1. Vapor compressor, two lobe (exploded view) (Face p.24)
5-2. Acid cleaning piping arrangement 26
6-1. Model X-1 distilling unit (cutaway view) 31
6-2. Model X-1 distilling unit (schematic view) 32
6-3. Piping arrangement, Model X-1 distilling plant (two units) (Face p.32)
6-4. Schematic sketch for conversion of vapor compression distilling unit 33
7-1. Manometer 39
7-2. Rotameter 40
7-3. Bypass valve 41
7-4. Feed regulating valve 42
7-5. Heat exchanger 44
9-1. Vapor compressor, three lobe (exploded view) (Face p.60)
9-2. Shear coupling,assembly 63
9-3. Cleaning gear with a cutter bit 65
9-4. Cleaning gear with a vibrating head and expanding wire brush 66
9-5. Water nozzle 67
9-6. Typical arrangement of portable acid cleaning tank and connections to distilling plant (Face p.68)
9-7. Acid cleaning piping arrangement from heat exchanger to brine tank (Face p.69)
10-1. Schematic sketch vapor compression distilling unit Model V-1 71
10-2. Schematic sketch vapor compression distilling unit Model WS-1 (Face p.72)
10-3. Schematic Cleaver-Brooks 300 GPD Model DVC 1.5 unit (Face p.74)
10-4. Vapor compression distilling unit Model Y-1 76
10-5. Evaporator fittings Model Y-1 77
10-6. Heat exchanger Model Y-1 78
10-7. Immersion heater Model Y-1 79
10-8. Equipment for evaporator pressure control Model Y-1 79
10-9. Flo-control valve Model Y-1 79
10-10. Rotameter Model Y-1 80
10-11. Water regulating valve Model Y-1 80
10-12. Schematic retch of vapor compression distilling unit Model Y-1 (Face p.80)
10-13 Evaporator section Model Y-1 81
10-14. Heat exchanger cutaway and flows Model Y-1 82
10-15. The Griscom-Russell Co. Soloshell L. P. Distilling plant-two effect with weir level controllers, flowrator and solenoid trip valve (Face p.84)
 
v

Fleetsub Home
Fleetsub Home Page
Next chapter
Next chapter


Copyright © 2013, Maritime Park Association
All Rights Reserved
Legal Notices and Privacy Policy
Version 1.14, 19 Oct 07