IV-A-1. A qualified helmsman will be on watch in the steering gear room at all times underway. He will be kept informed of courses set and will hold himself in readiness to take control and steer the ship upon orders from the bridge or secondary conning station.

IV-A-2. (a) Steering casualty procedure will be as follows:

(1) Helmsman.
(a) Reports "Lost Steering Control" to OOD.
(b) Sounds Steering Casualty Alarm when ordered by OOD.
(c) Continues to steer using Rudder angle indicator (Press bell signal to attract attention of steering engine room helmsman if he does not match up at once.

(2) Quartermaster notify Captain, Executive Officer and Engine room.

(3) OOD.

(a) Verify loss of steering control before sounding Steering Casualty Alarm.
(b) Man 1JV phone, handset, and give orders as desired, to steering engine room helmsman.
(c) Shift cable selector switch (Selsyn control) to neutral.

(4) Steering Engine Room Helmsman.

(a) Engage trick wheel, when alarm sounds.
(b) Match pointers on Rudder Angle Indicator.
(c) Shift cable selector switch to neutral, and report "Steering Engine Room has control."
(d) Man 1JV phone (if not already wearing headset) and, if ordered, steer course by gyro repeater.
(e) If casualty is a loss of power obtain men from living compartment to operate pumps by hand, or request O.O.D. to detail men as available.
(B) Before shifting control back to bridge the O.O.D. shall:
(1) Know reason for casualty and that repairs have been completed.
(2) Have good communication on 1JV circuit with Steering Engine Room.
(3) Assure that Bridge rudder pointer is amidships.
(4) Place bridge cable selector switch on desired cable (port or starboard).
(5) Order Steering Engine room helmsman to "Put rudder amidships." (This may be done by rudder angle indicator).
(6) Order steering to "Shift control to Bridge, Use port (starboard) cable"- (On this order steering engine room shifts cable selector switch to the cable ordered and reports "shifted." After report in (g) below, disengage trick wheel).
(7) Test rudder control and report to steering engine room "Bridge has control." If bridge does NOT have control, repeat casualty procedure.

IV-A-3. Control Stations.

(a) Bridge (electric).
(b) Steering gear room (hand and electric).
(c) Secondary conning station (Telephonic communication over 1JV phone).


IV-A-4. Steering by hand control.

*(a) By trickwheel.

(1) Stop motors if running, and disconnect port motor, shifting port motor clutch handle to the forward position.
(2) Connect up hand cranks.
(3) Shift "6 way" valve to port hydraulic unit by pushing pump transfer cock lever to port. (This lever is located under the trick wheel). (Where applicable).
(4) Turn hand cranks continually in direction of arrow.
(5) Steer by trick wheel.

(b) By hand crank.

(1) Disengage the pin from differential unit lever and engage it in the fixed quadrant to the pump control hand lever. (Normally the pin should be inserted in the hole in the hand lever
marked "40%" (of full stroke).
(2) Turn the cranks in direction of arrow for right rudder and in opposite direction for left rudder.

(c) By pump control hand lever.

(1) Disengage the pin from differential unit lever.
(2) Fix extension handle to pump control hand lever.
(3) Turn cranks continually in direction of arrow.
(4) Steer by moving pump control hand lever up, from the zero point on scribe marker for right rudder, and down for left rudder.

(d) By hand crank alternate method.

(1) Disengage follow up clutch lever from forward position and pin it in after position.
(2) Turn the cranks in direction of arrow for right rudder and in opposite direction for left rudder.
(3) This method to be used only if all other methods fail.

(e) By varying turns made on port and starboard engines.

*NOTE: All methods of hand steering require the use of port motor, therefore steps 1, 2 and 3 of paragraph IV-A-4 (a) are applicable to any method used.

IV-A-5. Shifting conductor cables and motors while power is on.

(a) The Officer-of-the-Deck will:

(1) Sound steering emergency siren.
(2) Order helmsman to put wheel mechanical pointer on zero, and man 1JV handset phone.
(3) Throw cable transfer switch to other cable.
(4) When steering gear room reports having control, direct that cable transfer switch be shifted to other cable and that motors be shifted.
(5) When shift has been completed, direct that steering control be returned to the bridge.

(b) Watch in steering gear room will:

(1) When siren is heard, open selsyn control switch.
(2) Engage trick wheel.
(3) Inform bridge that he has control.

(4) When directed to shift, move pump transfer cock lever to position for whichever motor is to be used.
(5) Throw cable transfer switch to other position.
(6) Notify Officer-of-the-Deck that bridge has control.
(7) Disengage trick wheel when mechanism is functioning properly.

IV-A-6. General Instructions.

(a) Orders for steering gear room watch:

(1) The steering gear room watch will not leave the steering gear room until properly relieved and after obtaining permission of the Officer-of-the-Deck.
(2) He will wear a 1JV phone headset at all times.
(3) Re will keep himself informed of course being steered.
(4) Check gyro repeater with bridge every half hour.
(5) Check level of oil in expansion tank constantly and if it falls below red indicator, notify the Officer-of-the-Deck.
(6) Report any abnormal functioning of steering apparatus such as excessive noise or heat, to the Officer-of-the-Deck immediately.

(b) Tests one half hour prior to getting underway.

(1) Test starboard motor, using starboard cable.
(2) Test port motor using port cable.
(3) Test port motor using starboard cable.
(4) Test starboard motor using port cable.
(5) Check rudder angle indicators at all steering stations.
(6) Test steering telegraph.
(7) Align mechanical indicator on bridge with rudder.
(8) Test steering emergency signal.

(c) Miscellaneous instructions:

(1) Before shifting control from any station to any other station, make certain that rudder and the control wheel are in the same position before the synchro tie power switches are thrown, preferably amidships.

(d) Exercising at shifting steering control.

(1) Whenever the vessel is underway and steaming independently, not in restricted waters or congested shipping. The Officer-of-the-Deck will, at least once each watch, exercise at emergency shifting of steering control by actually shifting control from the bridge to the steering gear room trick wheel and steering from that station for a short period.
(2) The starboard cable on the starboard motor will be used on odd days and the port motor and cable on even days. The shift will normally be made during the morning watch.

IV-A-7. The following methods of communication are available from Bridge to Steering Engine Room:

(a) 1JV phone.

(b) X1JV phone.

(c) 1MC, general announcing system.

(d) Rudder angle indicator.



IV-B-1. The towing equipment of this vessel consist of 3 fathoms of 1 3/8" die locked chain with an "E" link at one end; one 1 3/8" detachable link; one special shackle to connect to 7/8" wire hawser (600 ft.) one pelican hook and shackle.

IV-B-2. (a) The following is the towing procedure to be followed:

(1) Shackle Pelican hook to towing padeye on fantail.
(2) Secure inboard end of tow chain to the pelican hook. Lead chain through stern chock and lead around to lee side and temporarily stop up on deck with manila.
(3) Shackle swivel (1 3/8"), (if available, to outboard end of manila tow chain and shackle swivel to thimble of towing wire. Fake towing wire out on fantail fore and aft and stop forward bites on deck to prevent wire from running out too quickly.
(4) Secure 3" messenger to outboard end of towing wire and fake it down on deck. (5) Secure a 21 thread manila messenger to eye of 3" messenger and send over to vessel to be towed by line throwing gun.
(6) Have towed vessel haul towing hawser aboard and shackle to their tow chain.

(b) The towing vessel should take station on the windward quarter of vessel to be towed and pass her slowly, as close aboard as practicable to windward. When the forecastles are even the 21 thread manila messenger should be sent.

(c) The towing vessel should increase speed very slowly, to from 5 to 8 knots depending on the sea running.

(d) The towed vessel will tend the tow line veering enough so that the ships will be "in step", that is riding the crests together in so far as practicable.

IV-B-3. The following is the procedure for being towed:

(a) Shackle chain stopper to towing padeye on the forecastle.

(b) Secure inboard end of towing chain to the pelican hook of the chain stopper.

(c) haul towing hawser on board through the bullnose and secure to towing shackles.

(d) Stop up the lee anchor and unbend its chain.

(e) Secure lee chain to towing hawser thus length of towline can be varied by veering or hauling chain as desired to keep vessels in step.

(f) Sufficient chain must be needed to provide a heavy towing catenary. At least 25 fathoms should be paid out.

IV-B-4. The following is the code of sound signals for towing.

I am putting my rudder right-1 short blast.
I am putting my rudder left-2 short blasts.
Go ahead-2 short blasts.
Stop-1 long, 2 short blasts.
All fast-2 long, 1 short blast.
Haul away-2 short, 1 long blast.
Let go-2 long, 5 short blasts.
Pay out more line-1 short, 2 long blasts.
Avast hauling-3 short blasts.
I am letting go-3 groups of 5 short blasts each.

Flag signals may be obtained from the General Signal Book (for naval vessels); or H.O.87. (for merchantmen).



IV.C.1. The mission of a plane guard is: (1) To rescue aviation personnel who may have a forced landing, and (2) to act as anti-submarine screen for the carrier.

IV-C-2. When detailed as a plane guard, operating personnel should familiarize themselves with the provisions of U.S.F. 12, the current Fleet Instructions and other pertinent information or instructions issued by the vessel guarded.

IV-C-3. Before the commencement of flight operations or upon receiving orders to lane guard duty, equipment should be broken out and assembled as indicated below:

(a) In one motor whaleboat (lee boat):

Regular boat equipment.
2 life rings with lanyards.
2 sheath knives.
50 fathoms of 3" manila line.
First aid medical kit.
Wire cutters.
2 grapnels.
Marker buoy with anchor and line.
2 blankets.
2 electric lanterns (if at night).

(b) In other motor whaleboat:

Duplicate as much of the equipment in the first motor whaleboat as possible.

(c) On forecastle:

2 grapnels.
3 heaving lines.
50 fathoms 3" manila line.
Buoy with anchor and line.
2 electric lanterns (if at night).

IV-C-4. During actual taking off and landing of planes, personnel will take stations as follows:

(a) Officers:

Captain Bridge.
Executive Officer Bridge.
Relief O.O.D. At motor whaleboat as Boat Officer.

(b) Enlisted men (from each section):

Abreast the motor whaleboat designated as crash boat.

Coxswain 1st or 2nd Division.
Bow hook 1st or 2nd Division.
Engineer "E" Division.
SM "C" Division.
PhM "C" Division.
2 TM "O" Division.
Abreast the other whaleboat:

Lifeboat crew of the watch. (If this boat is used also, O. O. D. send signalmen from bridge).


On main deck:
BM -1st or 2nd Division.
6 Sea -1st or 2nd Division.
On bridge or lookout platform.
2 Sea (Special Lookouts) -1st Division.
2 Sea (Special Lookouts) -2nd Division.

(c) At night, searchlight will be manned and ready to turn on throughout the flight operations.

IV-C-5. Whenever planes are operating from carrier, one motor whaleboat will be completely equipped and ready to be placed in the water. The engine will be warmed up prior to time set for commencing flight operations and will be kept warm until all planes have returned to the carrier. Another motor whaleboat will be the standby crash boat. It will be kept at the davit and will not be lowered without specific orders.

IV-C-6. The personnel assigned to the crash boat will be selected from men who are good strong swimmers. They shall be instructed in regard to the general construction features of the different aircraft, the manner in which a plane in the water should be approached and how to attach towing lines, grapnels and other gear to tow a plane. Also they should be thoroughly familiar with the location, in each type of plane, of the flotation gear lever, and the hoisting slings. The Assistant Gunnery Officer will have charge of the instruction of the personnel assigned to the crash boat, and he will keep himself informed of the several types of planes on each carrier and should inspect at his earliest opportunity any new types of planes with which he is not familiar.

IV-C-7. The Officer-of-the-Deck will have the word passed for "Crash Party Take Stations," in sufficient time to permit personnel to be at their stations prior to the commencement of flight operations.

IV-C-8. Handling of Crashes.

(a) Forced Landing-Plane and Personnel undamaged. On arrival alongside plane, the first conceit is the safety of the personnel of the plane, the second is the salvaging of the plane.

(b) Plane Damaged and Sinking-Personnel submerged. In this case make every effort to rescue personnel first but while doing so, a line should be attached to the plane by grapnels or otherwise, as quickly as possible so that the sinking plane will be retarded thus giving more time to disengage any personnel that may be entangled in the wreckage or held in the plane. In case it is necessary for any member of the rescue boat's crew to go overboard in an effort to extricate personnel from a wrecked plane he should always have a line attached to his body and be properly tended by a man in the boat. Men going overboard under these circumstances must be cautioned regarding the possibility of becoming entangled in the wreck should it suddenly sink.

IV-C-9. Officer and men concerned with the rescue of personnel should be instructed concerning their duties. Training courses in aviation seamanship and other available material should be used.



IV-D-1. When called upon to provide one armed boat's crew, such boat crew shall be manned as follows:

(a) Personnel (each section will be prepared to provide complete party):

(1) *Chief Petty Officer.
(2) *One gunner's mate from Ordnance Division.
(3) *Four seamen from Deck Divisions.
(4) *One QM or SM from "C" Division.
(5) Either boat available for duty.
(6) Boat's crew.

NOTE: * Armed with pistol.

(b) Equipment:

(1) 2 Thompson Sub-Machine guns.
(2) Signal flags, Very's pistol, and blinker tube.
(3) Ammunition for sub-machine gun.
(4) Pistol and ammunition for those indicated* under personnel.


IV-E-1. The Landing Force Organization will consist of two rifle squads.

IV-E-2. The First Lieutenant will be in charge of the Landing Force.

IV-E-3. The call for the Landing Force is the word passed by Boatswain's Mate, "Away Landing Force."

IV-E-4. The rifle squads will be organized as follows:

(a) No 1 Rifle Squad:
1 P.O. & Rifleman, 2 Automatic Riflemen, 7 Riflemen.

Duty Rate Equipment Div. No.
Rifleman & Squad Leader P. 0. (BM2c) Rifle 2nd 1
Rifleman & Scout Sea Rifle 2nd 2
Rifleman & Scout Sea Rifle 2nd 3
Rifleman & Scout Sea Rifle 2nd 4
Automatic Rifleman Sea Thompson Sub-Machine Gun. 2nd 5
Automatic Rifleman Sea Thompson Sub-Machine Gun. 1st 6
Rifleman Sea Rifle 1st 7
Rifleman Sea Rifle 1st 8
Rifleman Sea Rifle 1st 9
Rifleman-Sec. in Com. Sea 1c Rifle 1st 10

(b) No. 2 Rifle Squad:
1 P.O. & Rifleman, 2 Automatic Riflemen, 7 Riflemen.

Duty Rate Equipment Div. No.
Rifleman & Squad Leader GM1c Rifle O 1
Rifleman & Scout F Rifle E 2
Rifleman & Scout F Rifle E 3
Rifleman & Scout F Rifle E 4
Automatic Rifleman F Thompson Sub-Machine Gun. E 5
Automatic Rifleman F Thompson Sub-Machine Gun. E 6
Rifleman F Rifle E 7
Rifleman F Rifle E 8
Rifleman F Rifle E 9
Rifleman - Sec. in Com. F1c Rifle E 10

IV-E-5. Parade for the Landing Force on board ship is: Main deck aft.

IV-E-6. Boats will be used as necessary. After embarkation boats form as directed and proceed to landing designated. Each boat will have a Boat Officer, Chief Petty Officer or Petty Officer first class, not connected with the Landing Force in charge of the boat.

IV-E-7. If landing through a surf is to be undertaken, special attention will be given to equipment and crew of boat.

IV-E-8. Equipment and supplies provided will depend upon the nature of the assignment.



IV-F-1. Two visit and search crews will be detailed and trained. The officers designated as examining and assistant examining officers of each crew will familiarize themselves with their duties as prescribed in "Instructions for the Navy of the United States Governing Maritime and Aerial Warfare-May 1941." They are responsible for organization and instruction of their respective visit and search crews. Attention is particularly invited to paragraph 56 of the above mentioned publication.

IV-F-2. Visit and Search Bill.

(a) First Party:

(1) Examining Officer-1st Lt. (Wears Pistol).
(2) Assistant Exam. Officer-Asst. Gunnery Officer (Wears Pistol).
Duty Rate Equipment Division
Coxswain Cox or Sea 1c ---- 1st or 2nd
Engineer F1c ---- "E"
Bowman Sea Thompson Sub-Machine Gun. 1st or 2nd
GM GM Thompson Sub-Machine Gun. "O"
*Interpreter ---- Carbine (Pistol) ----
*SM SM Carbine (Pistol) "C"

(b) Alternate Party:

(1) Examining Officer - Torpedo Officer (Wears Pistol).
(2) Asst. Exam. Officer-Asst. Eng. Officer (Wears Pistol).
Duty Rate Equipment Division
Coxswain Cox or Sea1c ---- 1st or 2nd
Engineer F1c ----- "E"
Bowman Sea Thompson Sub-Machine Gun. 1st or 2nd
GM GM Thompson Sub-Machine Gun. "O"
*Interpreter ---- Carbine (Pistol) ----
*SM SM Carbine (Pistol) "C"
NOTE: * Accompanies Examining Officer aboard ship.

IV-F-3. Two rifles and two Thompson Sub-Machine guns with four bandoliers of ammunition will he carried in each boat. These rifles and guns will not be removed from the boat while the visit and search is being conducted. All men in the party will be experienced in the use of the weapons carried.

IV-F-4. The examining officer may be accompanied on board the vessel being visited by not more than two (2) men-unarmed. The examining officer and the assistant examining officer will wear sidearms as specified above when boarding the vessel to be visited.

IV-F-5. There will be maintained in the ship's office a list of interpreters available and the language in which qualified. This list will be amended from time to time when men are transferred, new men added, etc.


IV-F-6. It is of vital military importance when sending a search, or salvage, party that the ship be always on the alert for enemy submarines and/or aircraft. The boat manned at the rail will be lowered at the highest safe speed under prevailing sea conditions. After the boat is in the water the ship will then increase speed and make an irregular patrol, maintaining an alert sound watch. The ship will be at general quarters with guns and torpedoes trained on the ship being investigated.

IV-F-7. The following is quoted from the British instructions pertaining to the investigation of strange merchantmen by detached ships or units on patrol:

"When a cruiser (or other type of vessel) is operating independently of the fleet and requires to examine a strange vessel, the customary signal to order her to heave to is a shot across her bows. If the vessel is suspected of being hostile and armed, the following procedure should be carried out:

(a) After the vessel has stopped, the cruiser, whilst keeping end-on, should close to a position about a mile ahead of her, to minimize the danger of torpedo fire.

(b) If it is decided to board, a boat should be lowered and the vessel ordered to close it.

(c) The cruiser should not remain stopped in waters where submarines may be operating, but should steam away as soon as the boat is in the water.

(d) The boat should not be recovered near the position where boarding has taken place, as a submarine in the vicinity will realize that the cruiser may return for this purpose.

(e) If the weather prevents the merchant ship towing the boat to a suitable recovery position (e. g. about 5 miles away), the boat should be abandoned and her crew and the boarding party recovered from the merchant ship later, or the merchant ship ordered to land the crew at the nearest friendly port.

(f) As soon as possible the Captain should be warned that his ship will be sunk if heard using radio.

(g) If boarding is impossible, the vessel should be ordered to take station astern.

(h) If examining a vessel at night, a searchlight should be used as little as possible. It will usually be preferable to defer boarding until daylight.

IV-F-8. In regards to paragraph (a) and (d) above, the possibility of a submarine operating with a merchantman should always be assumed when approaching a merchantman.



IV-G-1. The Fire and Rescue Party may be called to assist a vessel on fire, to prevent the flames from spreading to shipping, to render assistance ashore, and to rescue personnel from a ship in distress. One complete Fire and Rescue Party shall be maintained in each watch section, the relief watch (or duty) section being called away, when two or more sections are on board.

The Fire and Rescue Party is compos3d of three (3) details, namely:
(a) The Rescue Detail.
(b) The Fire Detail.
(c) The Relief Detail.

IV-G-2. Calls.

(a) Boatswain's Mate passes word, "Away Fire and Rescue Party --------------------- Section".

IV-G-3. General Instructions.

(a) At sea, the lifeboats shall be used; in port such boats as are available will be called away. Normally the Torpedo Officer is Boat Officer of the first boat; the Assistant Engineer Boat Officer of the second. If these officers are not available, the first available officer will act as boat officer. Boat Officers shall take charge of manning and clearing away their boats and bringing them to available fitting out stations.

(b) The First Lieutenant, if available, otherwise the Officer-of-the-Deck, shall muster the Fire and Rescue Party on the quarterdeck, and direct such personnel and equipment to boat fitting out stations as may be designated by the Commanding Officer.

(c) The deck and "E" divisions will furnish necessary boat crews and make all preparations for lowering, including providing sea ladders at sea. The Carpenter's Mate, Shipfitter, or Metalsmith (depending upon section) shall standby the Fire and Rescue Lockers to issue gear.

IV-G-4. No man will be assigned to the Fire and Rescue Details unless he is a qualified swimmer.

IV-G-5. Rescue Detail.

This detail is for the immediate rescue of personnel at sea or in port.

(a) At Sea: Lee Life Boat.

(1) Boat Officer -Torpedo Officer (or First available Officer.)
(2) Regular life boat crew.
(3) Pharmacist's Mate with first aid kit.
(4) Signalman with hand flags or signal lamp, and Very signal equipment.
(5) Two men from 2nd division provide stretcher.
(6) One man from 1st division provide hand grapnel with line.
(7) All hands will wear life preservers, and ring life buoys will be kept in both boats.

IV-G-6. Fire Detail.

(a) Purpose - For rapid emergency and rescue work.
(b) Boat Officer - Assistant Engineer Officer (or first available officer.)
(c) Personnel and Equipment - Will be provided by the divisions indicated in the following table, each section supplying a complete party:

Division Personnel Equipment
1st 1 Sea 1 length fire hose.
  2 Sea CO2 fire extinguishers, unshackling kit.
2nd 2 Sea 2 lengths fire hose.
  2 Sea 6 buckets.
    6 bucket lanyards.
    1 ball & peen hammer.
    1 axe.
    1 crowbar.
  Fire 1 cold chisel.
  and 2 heaving lines.
  Rescue 1 nozzle.
  chest 2 spanners 1 1/2".
    2 grapnels with lanyards.
    1 tow line.
"O" 1 TM Rescue breathing apparatus.
"C" 1 SM Signal flags and/or signal light.
  1 PhM First aid kit, stretcher.
"E" 1 EM Electrical kit.
  2 F1c(MM) Gasoline handy billy pump, suction hose.
  2 F2c 2 CO2 fire extinguishers.
    2 electric hand lanterns.

(d) The Fire Detail will fall in abreast of the gangway, or if not rigged on the ship where the gangway is usually rigged.

IV-G.7. Relief Detail.

(a) Purpose-To relieve or augment Fire and Rescue Details.

(b) Personnel:

Torpedo Officer or Assistant Engineer Officer, unless away in first details.
1 Signalman from Communication Division.
1 Gunner's Mate from Ordnance Division.
1 Torpedoman from Ordnance Division.
1 Seaman first class from First Division.
2 Seamen first class from Second Division.
3 Machinist's Mates second class or Fireman first class from Engineer's Division.

(c) Equipment:

This detail will fall in aft of the gangway, or if not rigged, on the port side of the ship, just forward of No. 20mm gun. It will be equipped as necessary, depending upon the emergency. If required for guard duty, it will be equipped with rifles, bayonets, and ammunition.

(d) Boats:

Any available boat will be used to transport this detail to the scene of the emergency.


IV-G-8. Summary of personnel required from each section:

Division Rescue Detail Fire Detail Relief Detail Total
1st 1 *Sea 1 *Sea 2
1 *Sea 5
2nd 2 *Sea 2 *Sea 2
2 *Sea 8
"O"   1 TM 1 GM
"C" 1 PhM(a)
1 SM(a)
1 PhM(a)
1 SM(a)
1 SM(a) 5
"E"   1 EM
2 *MM(or F1c)
2 F2c
3 *MM2c
(or F1c)
Total 5 15 9  

(*) Does not include boat crew.

(a) Will accompany the first party to leave the ship.

IV-G-9 Life jackets will be worn by all members of the Fire and Rescue Details.

IV-G-10 Ship's company not detailed as members of the Fire and Rescue parties will fall in at regular division parades.

IV-G-11 Equipment to be kept in the Fire and Rescue, and Repair Lockers is listed below:

(a) Fire and Rescue and Repair Lockers.

Amount Equipment
1 Rescue breathing apparatus attachment.
4 Rescue breathing apparatus outfits.
12 Spare oxygen cylinders.
4 CO2 Fire extinguishers.
1 Portable acetylene cutting outfit.
2 Pair asbestos mittens.
2 Life lines (for men wearing rescue outfits).
2 Suits, gas proof and flash proof clothing.
10 Pairs gloves, leather, gas impervious.
1 Strainers, suction, for submersible pump.
1 Valve, check, for submersible pump.
5 Gas masks.
10 Pair boots, leather, gas impervious.
1 Jigger (block, 4" double, wood, no becket). (Reg. No. 10; block 4", single, wood, with becket, No. 10; falls, manila, 1 3/4", 12 fathoms).
2 Axes, fire, pick-head, 6 pounds.
1 Bar, crow, 1 1/4" dia., 5 ft. long.
1 Clipper, pipe, hand, heavy 2 1/2"-4".
10 Flashlights.

Amount Equipment
2 Frames, hacksaw, adjustable, and 12 blades.
4 Gloves, rubber (acid proof).
1 Hammer, machinist, ball peen, 2 lb.
1 Maul, 5lb.
50 Plugs, wood, assorted sizes (For broken pipes, voice tubes, rivet holes).
2 Rods, sounding, or tapes.
1 Sledge, 12lb.
2 Straps, manila, 1 1/2" 12 ft. long.
4 Wedges, steel, 10" long x 2" x 1 1/2".
4 Wedges, steel, 6" long x 11/2" x 1".
20 Wedges, wood, assorted sizes.
1 Wrench, pipe, adjustable stillson type, 36".
1 Wrench, screw, monkey, 12".
1 Wrench, screw, monkey, 21".
24 Wedges, oak, cut from 4" material (Shore blocks for shores).
1 Hand lantern.
1 Grapnel and line.
1 Heaving line.
1 Marker buoy.
6 Buckets and lanyards.
50 Fathoms 3" line.
2 Cold chisels.
6 Hose gaskets.
1 Spanner 1 1/2".
1 Spanner 2 1/2".

(b) Kit, Electrical Repair - In Fire and Rescue Locker.

Amount Equipment
1 Test Lamp, 440 volts.
1 Pliers, combination, slip joint, 8".
1 Pliers, diagonal cutting 6".
1 Pliers, side cutting, 6".
1 Hammer, machinist, ball peen, 24oz.
1 Hacksaw and 6 blades.
2 Screw drivers, 8" and 6".
1 Adjustable open-end wrench.
2 Rolls friction tape.
2 Rolls splicing tape.
1 Pair rubber gloves.
50 Feet twisted lamp cord.
1 Rubber insulating pad to stand on.
1 Flashlight.
1 Set assorted fuses.
1 Cold chisel
2 Fuze pullers, glass and cartridge.
3 Pounds marlin.


The Salvage Party is a modified and supplementary party to the Fire Detail of the Fire and Rescue Party. The Fire Detail as outlined in Chapter IV, Section G, of this organization will always precede the Salvage Party. The equipment of the Salvage Party enables it to combat flooding and sabotage in addition to fire. The added equipment will include:

(a) Shores and wedges.
(b) Bag of plugs and leak stoppers.
(c) Extra suction hose.
(d) Hand saw.
(e) Asbestos gloves.
(f) Flashlights.
(g) Signal searchlight.
(h) Two Thompson Sub-Machine guns and two rifles (if visit and search party has not preceded).
(i) Rescue breathing apparatus.

IV-H-2. The personnel will be experienced engineer and artificer ratings drawn from the Repair Parties. When two or more sections are on board the relief watch section will provide the First Party and the second relief watch section will provide the Second Party. Both parties fall in when the Salvage Party is called away. The second party providing quick extra men and relief for absentees in the first party.

IV-H-3. The Engineer Officer will be in charge. If the First Lieutenant has not previously boarded the ship with the Visit and Search Party, he shall also go with the First Party.

IV-H-4. Boarding and Salvage Bill.

(a) First Party: Salvage Officer - Engineer Officer (Wears Pistol).

Rate Division Provides
CM or SF 1st or 2nd Plugs and Leak Stoppers.
    Hand saw.
Msmth E Asbestos gloves.
EM E Flashlights, repair kit.
MM E Shores and wedges.
MM E Extra suction hose.
F E *Thompson Sub-Machine Gun.
TM O Rescue breathing apparatus.
F E *Thompson Sub-Machine Gun.
Cox 1st or 2nd *Rifle and Ammunition.
Sea1c 1st or 2nd *Rifle and Ammunition.
SM C Signal searchlight, Flags.

NOTE: * If not taken by Visit and Search Party.

The Salvage Party will be sent when directed by the Commanding Officer.

(b) The Second Party will be in charge of the Damage Control Officer and will provide personnel and equipment similar to the First Party.



IV-I-1. The purpose of the Jettison Bill is to provide an organization that will, effectively and in the minimum amount of time, Jettison or strike down portable and semi-portable weights when the ship is in danger of foundering. This is a means of offsetting the loss of stability resulting from underwater damage.

IV-I-2. The principal items to be handled are:

Item Disposition Handling Detail
(a) Boats (2) Launch, with crews Repair Party.
(b) Ready Ammunition (5"). Overboard Gun Crews.
(c) 20mm. guns. Strike Down Gun crews. (20mm.)
(d) Chests, furniture, supplies, benches, etc. Overboard Repair Party.
(e) Depth charge arbors. Overboard Torpedo crew.
(f) Depth charges. (set on safe and leave safety forks in place). Overboard Torpedo crew.
(g) Torpedoes. Fire in safe Condition Torpedo crew.
(h) Electric shore cable. Overboard CEM of repair party.
(i) Wire cable. Overboard Repair party.
(j) Anchors and chain. *Let go CBM of repair party.
(k) Towing hawser. *Strike below Repair party.
(l) Loading machine. Overboard Repair party & torpedo crew
(m) Torpedo Handling Truck Overboard Torpedo crew.
(n) Launch life rafts and tow alongside.   CBM

* The towing hawser and ground tackle will not be disposed of until specifically directed by the Commanding Officer.

IV-I-3. The First Lieutenant will be responsible for the carrying out of the Jettison Bill and will have men detailed to dispose of each item listed.

IV-I-4. All men not actually employed in fighting the ship or immediately required for ship or damage control will augment the parties disposing material in their part of the ship.

IV-I-5. When it is decided to "Jettison Ship" the word will be passed as follows: "Jettison Ship." All available telephone circuits will he used to pass this word. In case telephone communication is out of commission the word will be passed by word of mouth with each man hearing the word passing it on to others.

IV-I-6. If loss of ship becomes imminent, steps will be taken immediately to effectively destroy all secret devices and registered publications. Details for handling these will be prearranged and laid down in a "Disposal Bill" (confidential). The Communication Officer will be responsible for this "Disposal Bill.'



IV-J-1 There may be a time when it will be necessary to scuttle the ship or at least render it irreparable should it fall into enemy hand,;. It is inconceivable that this should occur at sea, so these instructions contemplate primarily a situation where the vessel is undergoing overhaul or in drydock, or otherwise immobile, and unless scuttled or destroyed would fall into the hands of the enemy.

IV-J-2 Every effort will he made to totally destroy certain items prior to scuttling the ship in order that they cannot later be salvaged by the enemy forces. Among these items are: Fire control equipment including directors, rangefinders, rangekeepers or computers, gun instruments, etc; guns and acces3ories; radars, detecting apparatus; radio equipment; switch boards and electrical equipment; main engines, boilers and auxiliary machinery.

IV-J-3 If time permit the following steps will be undertaken depending upon the time and facilities available and the location of the ship:

(a) Light oil all boilers, empty of water if practicable, otherwise with safety valves lifted, without feeding water to the boilers, in order to melt the tubes.

(b) Turn over main engines at maximum practicable speed without lubricating oil, in order to burn out all bearings and wreck blading and gears.

(c) Remove handhole and manhole covers to condensers, and bonnets of all sea valves, and throw overboard in order to flood and sink the ship.

(d) Use oxy-acetylene burning torch on vital pieces of machinery, equipment and hull; such as shafting, boilers, pumps, piping, hull members, etc.

(e) If possible to sink the ship and if depth of water permits, several depth charges will be placed in each machinery space and magazine, set to the minimum setting in order to blow up the vessel and to prevent raising by salvage operations.

(f) If it is not possible to carry out (e) above and time permits, flood machinery spaces with fuel oil and set fire; start fires also in the magazines, I. C. gyro, plotting, distribution, radar and other rooms having large quantities of vital electrical wiring.

IV-J-4 Paragraphs 3(a), (b), (c) & (d) describe means quickly available under ordinary conditions and with no great danger to personnel. Items (e) and (f) will be even more effective, but they require more time and include more danger to personnel. If this vessel is immobile and likely to suffer do ;o range enemy attack with danger of subsequent capture by the enemy, preparations will he undertaken to carry out all items of paragraph IV-J-3 above.

IV-J-5 In the event that time is short, maximum damage possible will be done using axes and sledges on all fire control and detecting equipment. Oil should then be spread throughout the ship and ignited, and if depth of water permits the ship will be sunk with depth charges set on minimum settings to create as much damage as possible.

IV-J-6 A "Registered Publication Destruction Bill," in accordance with OpNav Communication Standing Order No. 7, will he drawn up and filed with the "Disposal Bill" (both confidential) by the Communication Officer, who will he responsible for the execution of this confidential bill.



IV-K-1 The treatment of prisoners of war shall be in accordance with U. S. Navy Regulations, Article 874(5).

IV-K-2 Enlisted prisoners of war will be confined under guard in Compt. C-201-L. Commissioned prisoners of war will be confined under guard in one of the officer's staterooms as available. Prisoners of war will be delivered to a more suitable place of confinement (large ship) at earliest opportunity.

IV-K-3 All prisoners of war shall be thoroughly searched and all documents removed (Documents shall be considered to be written matter of any sort whatsoever).

IV-K-4 An interpreter, if available, shall be detailed to remain with the prisoners. He shall not attempt to question the prisoners but will talk freely with them, if they desire to talk. Prisoners shall not be questioned on board ship unless the Commanding Officer specifically orders it to be done.

IV-K-5 As soon as practicable a complete list of all prisoners shall be prepared showing the names, rank, service number, and any pertinent information. This list shall also show a complete record of all information obtained including copies of documents obtained from prisoners.

IV-K-6 If an additional interpreter is available, he shall be detailed as a guard over the prisoners, taking care that the prisoners are not aware that he understands their language.



  1st Team Watch Team Duties
Conning Officer Captain O. O. D. Decisions and Conning.
Plotting Officer As Selected   Runs DRT plot or other plot. Furnishes Course and Speed information.
Sound Officer Sound Officer J. O. O. D. Coaches sound operator. Operates range recorder. Furnishes plotting information.
Sound Operator Best Operator Operator Making Contact Operates Sound Equipment. Reports bearings, etc.
Stand-by Sound Operator Second Best Operator Stand-by Operator Reports ranges and Doppler information. Determines center bearings.
Depth Charge Release TM on watch TM on watch Directs Depth Charge crew by phone. Operates bridge release.
Signals SM on watch SM on watch Furnishes information to other ships by signal.
Voice Radio    Furnishes information to other ships when signals will not suffice.
JA Phone Talker Talker on watch Talker on watch Keeps control informed of target bearing.
Supersonic Depth Finder    Operates Depth Finder for ascertainment of Submarine's depth.
Stern Racks TM Man from gun in vicinity Makes Depth Settings and assures release.
Starboard Throwers TM Man from gun in vicinity Makes Depth Settings and assures firing.
Port Throwers TM Man from gun in vicinity Makes Depth Settings and assures firing.


IV-M-1 FOR THE RESCUE OF SURVIVORS: This bill will serve to indicate the problems to be handled and recommended methods for coping with them.

IV-M-2 PHYSICAL CONDITION OF SURVIVORS: In most cases of ship sinkings, the survivors are generally uninjured and able to talk. Exposure, exhaustion, and nervous reaction weaknesses usually do not prevent them from walking about and following directions once they are on board.

IV-M-3 PROPERTY OF SURVIVORS: Survivors may come on board with watches, money, billfolds, knives and oil-soaked clothes and without shoes. Shipping tags should be used to identify articles which may then be stowed temporarily in waste baskets until owners clean up, when articles may he distributed. Use envelopes for loose money. Throw oil-soaked clothing over the side in weighted bundles in order that it will sink.

IV-M-4 FOOD REQUIREMENTS: When word is passed to "Standby to Rescue Survivors", the cooks immediately shall begin making quantities of soup or coffee. The Medical Officer will prescribe the diets for injury cases.

IV-M-5 CLOTHES: Ship's company will probably have to outfit survivors from their own belongings. Have each man contribute one outfit as necessary. Same applies to blankets.

IV-M-6 MEDICAL DEPARTMENT: The Medical Officer will examine every survivor to diagnose and treat any injury.

IV-M-7 ORGANIZATION: As the survivors come an board, all uninjured cases go aft on the port side to the fantail, remove all clothes, scrub off fuel oil with diesel oil (or kerosene), bathe, dress, and thence go for ward on starboard side to mess compartments to be examined by the medical officer. Injury cases are treated directly without removal of the oil by shower. After examination, patients eat soup and turn in, filling up crews bunks from forward aft.

Hospital cases should be bunked at locations best adapted to receive close attention from the doctor.


1. Ship's boats with the following equipment: steel helmets for coxswains and crew if enemy planes are near and for bailing water out of boat; life ring and floated line; screened water injection to prevent floating rubbish from fouling engine; grapnels and towing chains; paddles or oars; compass; boat hook; sheath knives; emergency rations and water

2. Cargo nets in permanent locations on deck ready to rig over side.

3. Small kapok puddings (or ring life buoys) and lines for throwing to single people in the water.

4. Stretchers on deck, ready.

5. Survivors kits, clothes, blankets, and towels should be gotten up and stowed in an available place in advance. If all hands contribute, ship will either have to secure from General Quarters or receive clothes from men during the day. Securing one gun at a time, etc., will accomplish this.

6. Securing lines for swimmers, who will take lines over to nearby rafts, etc.


7. G-Gun with empty depth charge case and a fifty fathom buoyed line to fire abeam. Ship is put hard over towards floating depth charge and swept through an area with many survivors in it. Speed should be about 3-4 knots. As line draws parallel to ship, survivors are picked up over the side. The K-Gun line should be secured forward, to about 50 fathoms of unbuoyed line. This is taken in after firing. Projector charge should be a No. 3 cartridge to throw DC float and lines well clear. Adjust the length of line so that end will be forward of propellers when streamed alongside.

8. Snap harness and line to go under arms of man in water for lifting on board.

9. Shipping tags and waste baskets for belongings.

10. Rags and diesel oil (or kerosene) aft. (In bad weather, oil cleaning station must be taken one side of washroom.)

11. Plenty of soap in washroom, hand brushes, towels.

IV-M-9 PERSONNEL: As the ship will probably be at Battle Stations, members of the Repair Party plus torpedomen and half of handling room crews must carry out assisting duties. Approximate stations are as follows:

Station Personnel
First Lieutenant in charge on deck.  
Two boats, if used. Coxswain and crews.
Cargo nets. Four men each.
Haul-in-lines. Swimmer and tender each.
Fuel Oil cleaning, aft. Three men, rags, and diesel oil.
Washroom. Two men, soap and towels.
Galley. Four ship's cooks, bowls and spoons.
Scullery. Two mess cooks.
On deck. Pharmacist's Mate and Hospital Corpsman with ten blankets.
Forward Mess Compartment. Doctor, Pharmacist's Mate and two helpers.
Living spaces. Compartment cleaners and blankets.
On deck. Stretcher bearers and stretchers.
On deck. Yeoman, shipping tags, and wastebaskets.
K-Gun. Torpedoman. Stand clear of burning powder if strong wind is blowing.

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