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A Plan for the Upper deck Of A Seventy Four Gun Ship.
Hammocks for the Crew
EXPLANATION
In the above Plan the beams of the upper deck are shewn to which the Hammocks are supposed to be suspended; for which purpose battens (which are long pieces of Oak on Inch and a quarter thick and one Inch and a half deep) are nailed along the lower edges of the upper deck beams, as represented by the faint lines in the Plan.  These battens are kept three quarters of an Inch from the beams by pieces of Elm board.  The Hammocks are slung by laniards passing through the grommets over the battens alternately there fastened by two half hitches.  The after laniards are fastened to the battens on the after-sides of the beams, and the fore laniards to those on the fore-sides of the beams; and thus the strain keeps the battens more firmly in their places.
To avoid confusion generally incidental in removing and replacing of hammocks, it is recommended to mark them with figures in Circles, that the mens different divisions may be instantly discernible.
The four Hammocks forward are for Yeoman of the nippers and his mates.
The next 25 aft on each side are for the forecastle men.  The Circle to be black with white figures.
The next 13 on each side are for the fore top men.  The Circles to be red with black figures.
The next 13 on each side are for the main top men.  The Circles to be blue with white figures.
The next Hammocks numbered in succession on each side are for the waisters.  The Circles to be yellow with white figures.

Close in on the Starboard side, and abreast the fore hatch and ladder way is a Cot for the master of Arms.
In midships between the main ladder way and the jeer capstern, are three Hammocks for the Armourer and his mates.
Close in on the starboard and larboard sides, and abreast the main ladder way are two Hammocks for the two boatswains mates.
The Carpenters crew is abreast the main hatch way on each side.  The Circles white with red figures.
Thus it may be observed that the master of arms, the boatswains mates and the Carpenters crew are intermixed with the waisters.
The next 25 on each side are for the after guard.  The Circles to be black with red figures.
The next 34 on each side are for marines. The Circles to be red with white figures.
The next ten on each side are for gunners crew. The Circles to be blue with red figures.
There are abaft the ladder way in midships, the Hammocks for Idlers, and two abreast of it on the Larboard side.
For the greater perspicuity, this plan is drawn allowing 16 Inches in width for every Hammock; but if the complement of men be full, only 14 Inches for each Hammock can be allowed.

It may be satisfactory to add the Officers Births
An Admiral, when on board, is under the poop on the quarter deck.
A Captain under the quarter deck, on the upper deck.
Lieutenants, masters and marine Officers, are in the wardroom in large ships, and in the gun room on small ones, except the sixth Lieutenant and Gunner, who are in the Gun room.
The Surgeon and Purser are in the Cockpit or Gun room.
The Boatswain and Carpenter are under the forecastle in large ships, the Boatswain on the larboard side, the Carpenter on the starboard side: Sometimes in War, the Boatswain uses his block room and the Carpenter his pitch room.  In small ships their cabins join the Tun room.
Midshipmen, masters mates, and quarter masters, in large ships, are in the Cable tier. In small ships midshipmen and masters mates are on the lower deck, next to the warrant Officers cabins.

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