The rapid expansion of shipbuilding, with an accompanying increase in the number of
shipyard outside machinists to be trained, has prompted the development and publication of this manual of instruction.
The procedures presented here are specifically those which are followed in the yard
of the Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company. Persons who have developed this
material realize that certain procedures may not be applicable to all types of shipyards.
Much of the information presented, however, is standard practice which will be useful
in training shipyard outside machinists for most shipyards.
Through the courtesy of the Alabama State Department of Education, certain items
of instructional material have been selected from their training course for Shipyard
Outside Machinists and adapted to fit local requirements.
Acknowledgment is made to the Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Chester,
Pennsylvania, and to foremen, mechanics, and draftsmen employed by the Sun Yard for
assistance and cooperation in making the preliminary analysis and in preparing instruction materials.
Special acknowledgment is extended to George Ehaugh, General Foreman of Installation Machinists; to William Evans, Foreman of Installation Machinists; and to E. G.
Lamberson, Foreman of the Tube Mill. These men assisted materially in the preparation of text matter, sketches, and photographs; they served also in the capacity of technical advisers. The assistance of George Amrhein, E. L. Moritz, G. E. Marvel, J. W.
Randall, James Galway, Joseph Kehl, and Ralph Garman, Leaders of Installation
Machinists, is gratefully acknowledged.
Appreciation is extended to the Philadelphia School District; to the Chester School
District; to D. Francis Hallowell, Coordinator of Chester Area Defense Training Program; and to William A. Brock, Area Coordinator of Industrial Education, for assistance in this work.
Acknowledgment is also extended to the Cramp Shipyard, Philadelphia, and to
J. J. Campbell, Outside Machinist Instructor, Mastbaum Vocational School Annex,
Philadelphia, for assistance in the preparation of suggested types of training jobs in
correlation with instruction sheets contained in this manual.
This manual of instruction was prepared by the Chester Field Curriculum Laboratory of the Pennsylvania Department of Public Instruction, under the immediate supervision of Charles Johnston, Adviser, Division of Industrial Education. The work was
completed under the direction of Charles F. Zinn, Adviser, Division of Industrial
Education, and under the general supervision of Paul L. Cressman, Director, Bureau
of Instruction, and Urwin Rowntree, Chief, Division of Industrial Education.
||FRANCIS B. HAAS
Superintendent of Public Instruction
DUTIES OF A SHIPYARD OUTSIDE MACHINIST
Shipyard outside machinists are required to make certain installations, above and below
deck, throughout the ship. The equipment to be installed is fabricated in various departments of the shipyard or purchased from approved manufacturers.
The work of the outside machinist may start when the hull begins to take shape,
depending altogether on the circumstances which govern the fabrication of units built
in the shipyard, the speed of hull construction, and the availability of purchased units.
In some cases the work of the outside machinist is 75% completed before the ship leaves
the ways. At other times the greater part of the work is not started until the ship is
APPLICATION OF THE MANUAL
The manual Shipyard Outside Machinist may be applied to the training of the beginning workers, advanced workers, and maintenance and repair outside machinists. It is
designed principally for the guidance of shipyard outside machinists, that is, those
machinists whose work is done around the wet basins and on the ways. Many of the
processes and operations presented are also applicable to shop machinist's training
problems. This outline is specifically intended for training outside machinists (Marine); it is not intended for instruction of general shipyard shop machinists.