MPA Logo, San Francisco Maritime National Park Association, USS Pampanito, Historic Ships at Hyde Street Pier, Education Programs Maritime Park Association Home Page Maritime Park Association Home Page Events Maritime Park Association Home Page Maritime Park Association Home Page Maritime Park Association Home Page Volunteer Membership Donate Maritime Park Association Home Page USS Pampanito Submarine Historic Ships at Hyde Street Pier Education Programs About Maritime Park Association Home Page Directions to Maritime Jobs at Maritime Facility Rental at Maritime Trustees of the Association Calendar Press Room Store Maritime Map

REFERENCES

1. V. Albers, Passive Acoustic Torpedoes, (U), ORL Report 7958-128, Ordnance Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, 1 March 1949 (SECRET).

2. "Evolution of the Torpedo: Newport Torpedo Station's Role in the Development of the U.S. Navy Torpedoes," vol. VI, Torpedo Station Publication, Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., 1946 (UNCLASSIFIED).

3. "Notes on Movable Torpedoes," U.S. Navy Publication, 1873 (UNCLASSIFIED).

4. Bucknell, J. T., "Submarine Mines and Torpedoes," Engineering, London, 1889 (UNCLASSIFIED).

5. "Principles and Application of Underwater Sound," NAVMAT P-9674, Naval Material Command, Washington, D. C., 1968 (UNCLASSIFIED).

122


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Armstrong, G. E., Torpedoes and Torpedo Vessels, Bill & Sons, London, 1896 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Beggs, J. M., and T. H. Campbell, Jr., "Underseas Missiles at Westinghouse," Missiles and Rockets (UNCLASSIFIED).

Beloshitskiy, V. P., and Y. M. Baguisky, Underwater Weapons, Military Publishing House, Moscow, 1960 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Bethell, P., "Development of the Torpedo," Engineering, London, 1945-1946 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Blair, C., Jr., Silent Victory, Lippincott & Co., New York, 1975 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Bliss-Leavitt 5.2 m x 45 cm Torpedo Mk VII and U.S. Navy Torpedo 12 ft x 45 cm Type D, OP 436, Bureau of Ordnance, Washington, D. C., January 1914 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Bradford, R. B., "History of Torpedo Warfare," Torpedo Station Publication, Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., 1882 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Bureau of Ordnance Demonstration of Phase A Rocket-Assisted Torpedo, (U), NAVORD Report 4979, Naval Ordnance Torpedo Station, Pasadena, Calif., 2 September 1955 (CONFIDENTIAL).

Cavanaugh, C. C., The Evolution of the U.S. Navy Torpedo Exploder Mechanism, (U), Torpedo Station Consecutive Report 62, Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., 7 March 1946 (CONFIDENTIAL).

"Chronological Record 1869-1945," vol. I, Torpedo Station Publication, Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., 1946 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Coggeshall, W. J., and J. E. McCarthy, "History of the Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I. (1858-1925)," Torpedo Station Publication, Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., circa 1925 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Destroyers in the United States Navy, Naval History Division, Washington, D. C., Government Printing Office, 1962 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Ellis, W. A. "Torpedoes," A List of References in the New York Public Library, circa 1917 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Evaluation of the Petrel Missile, (U), Final Report on Project OP/V181/X11, Commander Operational Development Force, 23 April 1956 (SECRET).

Final Report on the Development of the Torpedo Mk 42, (U), NAVORD Report 2050, Naval Ordnance Torpedo Station, Pasadena, Calif., 17 August 1943 (CONFIDENTIAL).

123


BIBLIOGRAPHY (Cont'd)

Gray, E., The Devil's Device, Seeley, Service, and Co. Ltd., London, 1975 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Howell Torpedo, Honeywell, Inc., circa 1972 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Inventory Notes, Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., 17 July 1913 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Kiby, G. J., "History of the Torpedo," Journal of the Royal Scientific Service, circa 1973 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Maxwell, F. H., "Torpedo Propulsion Systems," Journal of American Rocket Society, December 1949 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Miklowitz, G. D., "Physical and Operational Characteristics of Torpedoes Mk 13 Through Mk 43X," (U), NOTS Technical Memorandum 571, Naval Ordnance Torpedo Station, Pasadena, Calif., 1 October 1951 (SECRET).

Morison, S. E., Two-Ocean War, Ballantine Books, Inc., New York, 1972 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Mueser, R. E., "Tabulation and Description of 84 American and Foreign Torpedoes," (U), ORL Technical Note 9.0000-12, Ordnance Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, 7 October 1947 (SECRET).

"New Designation for Torpedoes," BuOrd Document 21622-(G)-6/28 (revision of Ordnance Pamphlet No. 316), Bureau of Ordnance, Washington, D. C., 18 June 1913 (UNCLASSIFIED).

"The Newport Torpedo Station's Role in the Development of U.S. Navy Torpedoes, Electric - Chemical - Aircraft Torpedoes; Exploders," vol. VII, Torpedo Station Publication, Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., 1946 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Norlin, F. E., Evolution of the Torpedo, Torpedo Station Consecutive Report 99, Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., 30 September 1946 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Pawlowski, G. L., Flattops and Fledglings, Cusette Books, New York, 1971 (UNCLASSIFIED).

"Plates of Whitehead Torpedoes, Torpedo Directors, and Above-Water Launching Apparatus," Torpedo Station Publication, Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., 1901 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Preston, A., Submarines, Octopus Books, Ltd., London, 1975 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Report of the Bureau of Ordnance Committee on Torpedo Research and Development, (U), NAVORD Report 1760, part II, sec. 8, Naval Ordnance Systems Command, Washington, D. C., 29 December 1950 (CONFIDENTIAL).

124


BIBLIOGRAPHY (Cont'd)

Report on Technical Phase of BuWeps/Optevfor Concurrent Evaluation of ASROC Weapon System, (U), NAVWEPS Report 7595, NOTS T2585, Naval Ordnance Torpedo Station, Pasadena, Calif., 21 November 1960 (CONFIDENTIAL).

Roscoe, T., On the Sea and in the Skies, Hawthorne Books, Inc., New York, 1970 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Rowland, B., and W.B. Boyd, U.S. Navy Bureau of Ordnance in World War II, Washington, D.C. Government Printing Office, 1953 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Sleeman, C. W., Torpedoes and Torpedo Warfare, Griffin & Co., Portsmouth, England, 1880 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Sleeman, C. W., Torpedoes and Torpedo Warfare, Griffin & Co., Portsmouth, England, 1889 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Stockard, J. M., "Torpedo Scrap Book," Bureau of Ordnance, Washington, D. C., circa 1910 (UNCLASSIFIED).

"Summary Report on the Present and Probable Development of Torpedoes," Prepared by the Torpedo Survey Panel of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, under assignment to the Navy Department, NAVEYOS P-416, Government Printing Office, 1946 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Surface-Borne, Thrown Torpedo Anti-Submarine Weapon, (U), Evaluation and Analysis Staff Report 165, Bureau of Ordnance, Washington, D. C., 23 November 1953 (CONFIDENTIAL).

"Swedish Torpedo, 100 Years, 1876-1976," (Torpedem 100 ar 1976), Royal Swedish Navy, 1976 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Thrown Torpedo Program Technical Progress Report Summary to 30 April 1954, (U), NOTS Report 60, Naval Ordnance Torpedo Station, Pasadena, Calif., 1954 (CONFIDENTIAL).

Torpedo and Mine Warhead Characteristics, OD 3823, Second Revision, Naval Ordnance Systems Command, Washington, D. C., 19 March 1951 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Torpedo Mk VIII Mods 4 and 5, OP 321, Bureau of Ordnance, Washington, D. C., circa 1913 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Torpedo Mk 18, OP 436, Bureau of Ordnance, Washington, D. C., circa 1943 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Torpedo Register Number Assignment Records, Naval Underwater Systems Center, Newport, R. I., 1978 (UNCLASSIFIED).

125


BIBLIOGRAPHY (Cont'd)

"Torpedoes - United States Navy," Ordnance Pamphlet 320, Bureau of Ordnance, Washington, D. C., Government Printing Office, October 1915 (UNCLASSIFIED).

"Undersea Thunder," General Electric Review, General Electric Corp., March, May 1958 (UNCLASSIFIED).

"Underwater Ordnance Data Book, (U)," (U), Naval Underwater Ordnance Station, Newport, R. I., 1960 (SECRET).

U.S. Navy Torpedo General Data, OP 1604, Bureau of Ordnance, Washington, D. C., 15 October 1945 (UNCLASSIFIED).

U.S. Navy Underwater Weapons Operational Characteristics and Tactical Data, (U), OD 16086, Naval Underwater Systems Center, Newport, R. I., 1 January 1973 (CONFIDENTIAL).

Watts, A. J., Allied Submarines, ARCO Publishing Co., Inc., New York, 1977 (UNCLASSIFIED).

"Whitehead Torpedo, U.S.N., 3.55 m x 45 cm Mk I, Mk II, Mk III, and 5 m x 45 cm Mk I, Mk II," Torpedo Station Publication, Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., 1901 (UNCLASSIFIED).

126


APPENDIX A

CHRONOLOGY OF SIGNIFICANT EVENTS

A-1/A-2
Reverse Blank


Date Event Page Number
Where Discussed

1862-
1866
Development and manufacture of the the first Whitehead Auto-mobile "Fish" Torpedo. 7
1869 U.S. Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R.I., established. Intended to be an experimental station for the U.S. Navy for development of torpedoes, torpedo equipment, explosives and electrical equipment 9
1870 Development of the first U.S. Navy "Fish" Torpedo, USNTS, Newport, R.I. 9
1870 Royal Navy (U.K.) receives first delivery of Whitehead Torpedoes. 8
1870 Germany (Schwartzkopff) purchases rights to manufacture Whitehead Torpedoes. 8
1871 Royal Navy (U.K.) purchases manufacturing rights for Whitehead Torpedo. 8
1871 LCDR John Howell, U.S.N., granted Patent No. 121052 for Howell Torpedo. 17
1871 Rendel granted patent for counter-rotating propellers for torpedo propulsion. 20
1871 Test of first U.S.N. "Fish" Torpedo. 10
1873 A Lay Torpedo purchased by U.S. for experimental purposes.
1874 Development of second U.S.N. "Fish" Torpedo. 10
A-3


Date Event Page Number
Where Discussed

1874 Test of second U.S.N. "Fish" Torpedo. 10
1877 First Whitehead Torpedo ever fired against a hostile ship by HMS SHAH (U.K.) on Peruvian ironclad HUASCAR, in operation as a pirate. Unsuccessful, due to extreme range. 10
1878 (Russo-Turkish War 1877-1878) Attack on Turkish ships by two Russian torpedo boats with Whitehead Torpedoes. Successful. Turkish revenue steamer INTIBAKH sunk.
1880 Whitehead Torpedo, employing engine developed by Peter Brotherhood, Royal Laboratories, Woolrich, England, adopts counterrotating propellers and shaft exhaust. 20
1880 U.S.N. discontinues issue of towing torpedoes to ships.
1886 U.S.N. purchases USS STILLETTO, prototype torpedo boat from Herreshoff, Bristol, R.I. 28
1888 Hotchkiss Ordnance Co., Providence, R.I., purchases manufacturing rights for Howell Torpedo. 61
1889 Hotchkiss receives order for 30 Howell Torpedoes for U.S.N. First U.S.N. quantity purchase of torpedoes. 61
1890 First U.S.N. torpedo boat, USS CUSHING, commissioned. Two 18-inch torpedo tubes installed. 28
A-4


Date Event Page Number
Where Discussed

1890 First capital ship sunk by Whitehead Torpedo under wartime conditions -- Chilean battleship "BLANCO ENCALADA" -- 3500 tons. 19
1892 E. W. Bliss Co. negotiates manufacturing rights for U.S. manufacture of Whitehead Torpedo. 19
1892 U.S. Navy orders 100 Whitehead 3.55-meter Mk 1 torpedoes from E. W. Bliss Co. 19
1893 Trainable mounts installed on USS CUSHING torpedo tubes. Design attributed to Lt. F. F. Fletcher, U.S.N. 28
1894 L. Obry granted patent for steering gyro. Similar devices -- Kaselowski (Schwartzkopff), Petrovich (Whitehead). 19
1898 12 Schwartzkopff Torpedoes purchased by U.S.N. 21
1898 Development of Whitehead 5-meter Torpedo Mk 1 with gyro (Obry gear) control in azimuth. 19
1899 Development of Whitehead 5-meter Torpedo Mk 2. 20
1900 USS HOLLAND, first U.S.N. submarine to USNTS, Newport, R.I., for demonstration and test. 28
1901 USS HOLLAND operated by U.S. Navy crew from USNTS, Newport, R.I. successfully gained USS KEARSARGE (BB 5) without detection. Three Whitehead Torpedoes Mk 2 carried in HOLLAND. 28
A-5


Date Event Page Number
Where Discussed

1901 Development of use of smokeless powder for impulse launching from surface tubes, USNTS, Newport, R.I.
1901 Development of Whitehead hot-running Torpedo Mk 5 with three-speed/range adjustment. 21
1901 First U.S. Navy torpedo boat destroyer, USS BAINBRIDGE (DD 1) launched. Outfitted with two 18-inch torpedo tubes. 28
1904 Development of Bliss-Leavitt vertical turbine, hot-running Torpedo Mk 1 completed. 22
1904 Development of anticircular-run (ACR) device started at USNTS, Newport, R.I. 25
1905- Development of Bliss-Leavitt Torpedoes 1908 Mk 2, Mk 3, and Mk 4; two-stage vertical turbine driven, hot-running. 22
1907 Construction of factory at USNTS, Newport, R.I. 25
1908 First order for torpedoes to USNTS, Newport, R.I. -- Whitehead Torpedoes Mk 5. 25
1900-
1908
Austrian Capt. J. Giszetsky experiments with hot air device with water cooling. 22
1910 Seaman Gunner rating in U.S. Navy replaced by Torpedoman rating.
A-6


Date Event Page Number
Where Discussed

1911 Development of Bliss-Leavitt Torpedo Mk 6 -- horizontal turbine driven. 26
1911 Development of Bliss-Leavitt Torpedo Mk 7 -- first steam torpedo. 26
1911 Development of Bliss-Leavitt Torpedo Mk 8 for use in destroyer standard 21-inch torpedo tube. 28
1914 ACR mechanism installed in warhead adopted. 25
1915 Development of Bliss-Leavitt Torpedo Mk 9 and Mk 10. 29
1915- Development of Sperry Electric 1918 Torpedo (unsuccessful). 30
1917 USS CALDWELL (DD 69) first flush deck, four-stack destroyer with 12 21-inch torpedo tubes. First standard 21-inch torpedo tube installation. 28
1917 Development of type "D" torpedo -- Washington Navy Yard (Short Mk 7). 74
1917 Development of Jacoby torpedo (German Navy Electric). 30
1918-
1919
R-class submarines commissioned Rl(SS 78) - R20(SS 97). Standard 21-inch submerged torpedo tubes installed. 29
1919 Navy Experiment Station, New London, Conn., abandoned. 30
A-7


Date Event Page Number
Where Discussed

1919 Development of type "EL" electric torpedo transferred from Navy Experiment Station, New London, Conn. to USNTS, Newport, R.I. -- Electric Torpedo Mk 1. 30
1918 Gould Island, R.I., acquired by U.S. Navy as high-explosive storage site.
1920 Experimental torpedo launching from aircraft started at USNAS, Anacostia, D.C., with Torpedo Mk 7 Mod 5. 31
1921 Torpedo Station Air Detail established at Gould Island, R.I. 32
1922 Battleship use of torpedoes discontinued. 29
1922 All torpedoes of design prior to Torpedo Mk 7 condemned and withdrawn from service use. 31
1923 All torpedo work at locations other than Newport, R.I. terminated. (Washington Navy Yard; USNTS, Alexandria, Va.; and E. W. Bliss Co.) 30
1923-
1926
Development of Torpedo Mk 11 started at Washington Navy Yard, completed by USNTS, Newport, R.I. Selectable three-speed capability. First all-Navy design. 31
1927 Air blowing exercise head developed.
1928 Development of Torpedo Mk 12, USNTS, Newport, R.I. 31
A-8


Date Event Page Number
Where Discussed

1930 Electric Torpedo Mk 1, type "EL" changed from 18-inch to 21-inch configuration.
1931 Hammond radio-controlled torpedo patents purchased by BuOrd.
1931 Electric Torpedo Mk 1, type "EL" development cancelled by BuOrd.
1931 Development of Torpedo Mk 14 by USNTS, Newport, R.I. 34
1931-
1937
Development of Torpedo Mk 13 and Mk 15 by USNTS, Newport, R.I. 34
1936 Use of torpedoes on cruisers discontinued.
1940 Development of "Navol" Torpedo Mk 17 by USNTS, Newport, R.I. 39
1940 National Defense Research Committee (NDRC) established by President Roosevelt. 35
1941 Development of Electric Torpedo Mk 1 cancelled in 1938, reactivated by BuOrd as Electric Torpedo Mk 2 at USNTS, Newport, R.I. 30
1942 German G7e Electric Torpedo taken from captured "U 570." 35
1942 Development of Electric Torpedo Mk 18 -- Westinghouse Electric Corp., Sharon, Pa. 35
A-9


Date Event Page Number
Where Discussed

1942 Development of Torpedo Mk 19, electric control version of Mk 18 -- Westinghouse Electric Corp., Sharon, Pa. 46
1942-
1943
Development of Mine Mk 24 -- National Defense Research Committee/Bell Telephone Laboratory, Murray Hill, N.J. First acoustic homing ASW weapon. 36
1942-
1943
Development of Mine Mk 30 -- Brush Development Co., Cleveland, Ohio. Parallel/backup development to Mine Mk 24. 36
1942-
1945
Development of Torpedo Mk 32 -- General Electric Co., Pittsfield, Mass. First active acoustic torpedo. 38
1943 Electric Torpedo Mk 2 redesignated Torpedo Mk 20. 42
1943-
1946
Development of Torpedo Mk 33 -- General Electric Co., Pittsfield, Mass./Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, N.J. Aircraft/ submarine-launched acoustic torpedo. 47
1943 German homing Torpedoes T4 and T5 in operational use. 36
1943 Mine Mk 24 operational. Credited with sinking U 160, July 1943. 37
1943 Development of Torpedo Mk 27 Mod 0 -- Western Electric Co., Kearney, N.J. Submarine-launched version of Mine Mk 24. 37
A-10


Date Event Page Number
Where Discussed

1943 Development of Torpedo Mk 16 ("Navol") -- USNTS, Newport, R.I. 41
1943-
1946
Development of Torpedo Mk 25 -- National Research Defense Committee sponsored development of replacement for Torpedo Mk 13. 41
1943 Development of Torpedo Mk 21 Mod 0 -- Westinghouse Electric Corp., Sharon, Pa. Aircraft-launched, passive-homing, electric torpedo. 88
1943 Development of Torpedo Mk 23 -- USNTS, Newport, R.I. Single-speed (high) version of Torpedo Mk 14. 35
1943-
1945
Development of Torpedo Mk 21 Mod 2 -- Ordnance Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University. Passive homing Torpedo Mk 13. 47
1944 Development of Torpedo Mk 22 -- Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, N.J. Fixed-depth, active acoustic homing, electric torpedo. 47
1944 Development of Torpedo Mk 26 -- Westinghouse Electric Corp., Sharon, Pa. Seawater-activated battery. 46
1944 Development of Torpedo Mk 28 -- Westinghouse Electric Corp., Sharon, Pa. Passive homing, full-size electric. 38
A-11


Date Event Page Number
Where Discussed

1944-
1947
Development of Torpedo Mk 29 -- Westinghouse Electric Corp., Sharon, Pa. Improved Mk 28. 47
1944-
1950
Development of Torpedo Mk 30 -- Ordnance Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State. No torpedo -- investigation of wake homing as torpedo control system. 47
1944-
1946
Torpedo Mk 31 development -- Harvard Underwater Sound Laboratory/ORL, Pennsylvania State University. High-speed, acoustic homing version of Mk 18. 47
1944-
1945
Development of Torpedo Mk 34 Mod 1 -- U.S. Mine Warfare Test Station, Solomons, Md. Two-speed Mine Mk 24. 48
1944-
1952
Development of Torpedo Mk 35 -- General Electric Co., Pittsfield, Mass. Universal passive/active acoustic homing electric. 49
1945-
1950
Development of Torpedo Mk 36 -- General Electric Co., Pittsfield, Mass. High-speed, long-range, nonhoming torpedo. 106
1946-
1954
Development of Torpedo Mk 37 -- Westinghouse Electric Corp., Sharon, Pa. Active/passive acoustic, electric. 49
1946 Development of Torpedo Mk 27 Mod 4 -- ORL, Pennsylvania State University. Improved version of Torpedo Mk 27 Mod 0. 96
A-12


Date Event Page Number
Where Discussed

1946 Development of Torpedo Mk 38 -- deferred due to development of Torpedo Mk 37. 109
1946-
1951
Development of Torpedo Mk 39 -- Vitro Corp., Silver Spring, Md./ Naval Underwater Ordnance Station, Newport, R.I. Wire-guided (course correction after launch). 54
1946 Development of Torpedo Mk 40 -- Naval Ordnance Test Station, China Lake, Calif. High-speed aircraft torpedo. 111
1949
1952
Development of Torpedo Mk 41 -- General Electric Co., Pittsfield, Mass. Aircraft-launched version of Torpedo Mk 35. 55
1949
1953
Development of Torpedo Mk 42 -- multilab program. Pattern-running torpedo. 55
1950-
1953
Development of Torpedo Mk 43 Mod 0 -- General Electric Co., Pittsfield, Mass. Lightweight, electric, ASW torpedo. 50
1950-
1952
Reactivation of Torpedo Mk 32. Conversion to Torpedo Mk 32 Mod 2 -- Philco Corp., Philadelphia, Pa./NOTS, Pasadena, Calif. Active acoustic ASW torpedo. 102
1950-
1952
Development of Torpedo Mk 43 Mod 1 -- Brush Development Co., Cleveland, Ohio. Lightweight electric, ASW torpedo. 50
A-13


Date Event Page Number
Where Discussed

1953-
1957
Development of Torpedo Mk 44 -- General Electric Co., Pittsfield, Mass. Second-generation, light-weight, ASW torpedo. 50
1953-
1957
Development of Rocket Assisted Torpedo (RAT) -- NOTS, Pasadena, Calif. Rocket projected torpedo. 53
1956- Development of Anti-Submarine Rocket 1962 System (ASROC) -- NOTS, Pasadena, Calif./Minneapolis-Honeywell Ordnance Division, Hopkins, Minn. Follow-on development of RAT. 53
1956 Development of Torpedo Mk 43 Mod 3 -- Clevite Research Corp., Cleveland, Ohio. Improved Mk 43 Mod 1. 115
1957 Development of Torpedo Mk 45 (ASTOR) -- Westinghouse Electric Corp., Baltimore, Md./Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash. Electric, seawater-activated battery, nuclear warhead. 54
1960 Development of Torpedo Mk 46 -- Aerojet General Corp., Azusa, Calif./NOTS, Pasadena, Calif. Third-generation, lightweight ASW torpedo. 51
1970 Torpedo Mk 47 proposed and cancelled due to Torpedo Mk 48. 56
1965-
1974
Development of Torpedo Mk 48 -- Westinghouse Electric Corp., Baltimore, Md./Gould, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio. Advanced submarine-launched, acoustic, thermal propulsion. 56

A-14


APPENDIX B

IDENTITY INDEX

Throughout this report the identities of the participating activities are those which existed at the time of the particular event. Many changes have occurred in both the Naval establishment and industries. The following cross-reference list is provided to relate the former identities as noted in the report to the current identities where the change was radical. Intermediate changes in identities are omitted unless germaine to the report.

B-1/B-2
Reverse Blank


FORMER IDENTITY CURRENT OR LAST KNOWN IDENTITY
Bureau of Ordnance (BuORD) Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA)
Sperry Gyroscope Co. Sperry Division, General Dynamics Corp.
Navy Experiment Station, New London, Conn. Disestablished - 1919
Naval Torpedo Station, Alexandria, Va. Disestablished - Post-World War II
Naval Aviation Unit, Gould Island, R.I. Disestablished - Post-World War II
Bureau of Aeronautics (BuAir) Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR)
National Defense Research Committee (NDRC) Disestablished -Post-World War II
Columbia University, Division of War Research Naval Underwater Sound Lab. (NUSL), New London, Conn.
Harvard Underwater Sound Lab. (HUSL)
  Ship's Sonar Naval Underwater Sound Lab. (NUSL), New London, Conn.
  Torpedoes Ordnance Research Lab, (ORL), Pennsylvania State College
Naval Underwater Sound Lab. (NUSL), New London, Conn. Naval Underwater Systems Center, New London (Conn.) Lab.
Ordnance Research Lab, (ORL), Pennsylvania State College Applied Research Lab. (ARL), Pennsylvania State University
Naval Torpedo Station (NTS), Newport, R.I.
  Production Naval Ordnance Plant (NOPF), Forest Park
  Research and Development Naval Underwater Ordnance Station (NUOS), Newport, R.I.

B-3


FORMER IDENTITY CURRENT OR LAST KNOWN IDENTITY
Naval Ordnance Plant (NOPF), Forest Park Disestablished - 1971
Naval Underwater Ordnance Station (NUOS), Newport, R.I. Naval Underwater Systems Center (NUSC), Newport, (R.I.) Lab.
Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS), Pasadena, Calif. Naval Ocean Systems San Diego, Calif. Center (NOSC),
Naval Ordnance Laboratory (NOL), White Oak, Md. Naval Surface Weapons Center (NSWC), White Oak, Md.
Naval Mine Warfare Test Station, Solomons, Md. Naval Coastal Systems Lab. (NCSL), Panama City, Fla.
Vitro Laboratories Inc., Silver Springs, Md. Vitro Laboratories Division, Automation Industries, Inc., Silver Springs, Md.
Brush Development Co., Cleveland, Ohio Clevite Division, Gould, Inc. Cleveland, Ohio

B-4


INITIAL DISTRIBUTION LIST

AddresseeNo. of Copies
CINCLANTFLT1
COMNAVAIRLANT1
COMNAVAIRPAC (Code 92.2)1
COMNAVSURFLANT (Code N632C)2
SUBFORCE Museum & Library, New London2
COMSUBLANT (Code N211)1
COMSUBPAC (Code N613)1
COMOPTEVFOR1
COMSUBDEVGRU ONE1
COMSUBDEVRON TWELVE2
CINCUSNAVEUR, London1
COMNAVLOGPAC1
Defense Intelligence Agency (Attn: Capt. Portnoy)1
CNO (Codes OP-02, -03EG, -098, -095, -951, -953, -981, -224D, -39, 353, -411)11
CNM (Codes MAT-03, -03L, -0323, PM-4)4
CHNAVPERS (Codes PERS-516, 551)2
CNTT (Code N4143)1
NSRDC, Annapolis1
NSRDC, Carderock1
NUSC AUTEC Detachment, West Palm Beach1
NSWC, Dahlgren1
NAVWPNENSUPPACT (Code 814)2
NAVHISCEN1
SUBASE, Groton1
NSSF, New London (Attn: Weapons Officer)2
NSSF, San Diego (Attn: Weapons Officer)2
Atlantic Fleet Weapons Range, Roosevelt Roads1
SUBASE, Pearl Harbor2
NAVAIR (Attn: Library)2
NAVSEA (Codes SEA-03, -032, -034, -04, -043, -046, -048, -06G, -06H (2 copies), 09G3 (2 copies), -660, -660D-2, -661, -661E (3 copies), -662, -662C,-662D (3 copies), -924, PMS-389, -393, -396-0, -402, -406)30
NAVSEA Technical Rep., Gould1
DCASPRO, Gould1
COMNAVSUPSYSCOM (Code 0314)2
NAVELEXSYSCOM (PME-101-1)1
NWC, China Lake2
NSRDC, Bethesda2
NCSL, Panama City2


INITIAL DISTRIBUTION LIST (Cont'd)

AddresseeNo. of Copies
NSWC, White Oak2
NOSC, San Diego6
NAVMAG, Lualualei1
SPCC, Mechanicsburg2
NWSC, Crane1
NAD, McAlester1
NWS, Concord1
NWS, Earle (Attn: Weapons Officer, NWHL)2
NWS, Seal Beach (Attn: Weapons Officer)1
NWS, Yorktown (Attn: Weapons Officer)1
NWS, Charleston (Attn: Weapons Officer)1
NUWES, Keyport2
NUWES, Keyport (Attn: QEEL)1
NUWES, Hawaii Detachment (Code 9013)1
NSWSES1
NOS, Indian Head1
NOS, Louisville1
NAVSEASUPCEN, Atlantic1
NAVSEASUPCEN, Pacific1
Pacific Missile Range Facility, Barking Sands1
FBM Submarine Training Center, Charleston2
NETC, Newport2
NSSC, Orlando2
NSTC, Pacific2
SWOSCOLCOM, Newport2
Fleet ASW Training Center, Norfolk2
Fleet ASW Training Center, San Diego2
NAVSUBCOL, Groton2
NTEC, Orlando2
NPS, Monterey1
Naval War College, Newport2
APL, University of Washington, Seattle2
ARL, Pennsylvania State, State College, Penn.2
APL, John Hopkins University, Silver Spring2
Chief of Naval Reserve, New Orleans2
DDC, Alexandria2

*U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1978 - A-1093/219


Underwater Systems Center and Naval Underwater Systems Center logos.


Arrow to Part 2
Back
to Part 2
Torpedo Home
Torpedo
Home Page

 

Copyright © 2013, Maritime Park Association.
All Rights Reserved.
Legal Notices and Privacy Policy
Version 3.00