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Third International Conference on the Technical Aspects of the Preservation of Historic Vessels

Conference Proceedings

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Table of Contents

Introduction
Papers Listed by Schedule
Papers Listed by Author
How to get copies of the proceedings
See the the participants
U.S. Secretary Of Interior's Standards For Historic Vessel Preservation Projects

Introduction

The Third International Conference on the Technical Aspects of the Preservation of Historic Vessels convened in San Francisco, California on April 20-23, 1997. The goals of the conference were: to establish a forum where technical issues could be discussed both in traditional formal presentations from experts in respective fields and in informal round table discussions where information could be discussed in detail; and to continue the network of communication already begun between historic ship preservationists from around the world.

The list of participants included representatives from historic ships and preservation professionals from around the world, and provided a unique opportunity to share information. We encouraged discussions of both the triumphs and the failures of preservation techniques in use so that the ship preservation community as a whole could learn and avoid reinventing the wheel with each project. Topics included: wood and steel hulls, cathodic protection systems, material sources, interpretation and educational programs, traditional rigging techniques, coating systems, storing and disposal of hazardous materials, and special problems associated with operational ships and those in dry berths.

The conference was hosted by the National Maritime Museum Association and San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park.

These proceedings are dedicated to Russell Booth, Co-chair of the conference who died 15 June 1997. Under his stewardship, USS Pampanito has become recognized as a leader in historic ship restoration and preservation. His legacy includes not only Pampanito, but also the many other ships his leadership has inspired. More about Russ.

All the papers presented in this web site have been modified to World Wide Web (html) format by USS Pampanito crew. In addition, many were provided as paper copies and required a scanning and optical character recognition process that introduces errors. Finally, limitations in standard World Wide Web format (html) format and the time required to do the formatting in many cases makes the papers graphically less interesting than the submitted paper. Illustrations have been reduced in size and resolution to enable reasonable download times with 1997 industry standard modems. We apologize for any errors that we have introduced to the authors work in this process.

Richard Pekelney, Co-chair
Kelly Donahoe, Logistics Coordinator

Papers Listed by Schedule:

Sunday, April 20

12:00 - 3:00 - Optional Sail on Alma (scow schooner)
6:00 p.m. - 8:00 p.m. - Opening Reception - Maritime Museum Building, Optional tours of San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park's Photo shop and Exhibit shop in the basement of the Maritime Museum Building.

Monday, April 21

8:00 am - 9:15 am - Registration/ Coffee
9:15 - 9:45 - Welcome - Bill Thomas, SFMNHP - George Fleharty, Maritime Park Association (formerly National Maritime Museum Association)
9:45 - 10:15 - Opening Remarks - Russell Booth - Program Coordinator, Maritime Park Association (formerly National Maritime Museum Association)
10:15 - 10:30 - Break

10:30 - 12:00 - Two sessions:
Material Sources - Moderator: Rich Pekelney - National Maritime Museum Association
Finding 18th Century Materials Today - Ted Kaye - Mystic Seaport Museum
Mixed Media As Used In Rigging Balclutha - Chris Jannini - SFMNHP
USS Constitution Rehabilitation And Restoration - Patrick Otton - USS Constitution
with:Materials on USS Constitution
with: Sources Of Materials Used By Naval Historical Center Det Boston USS Constitution M & R Facility
Testing Materials for Use in Historic Ship Maintenance and Renovation - W.T. Reynolds - Half Moon
with: The Effect of Ethylene Glycol and Sodium Borate Solutions on the Adhesion of Epoxy
with: The effect of microbacterial digestion on Red Oak, White Pine, and WEST SYSTEM(R) 105/206 cured epoxy.
Ship Reports - Moderator: Tom Richardson - National Maritime Museum Association
Report on USS Constellation - Louis Linden - Constellation Foundation Inc.
The BarqueEdwin Fox Restoration - Carl Irrgang
Marigold - Gregg Powsland
Preservation and Restoration of Historic Vessels in Virtual Environments - Otto Jons - Advanced Marine Enterprises

12:00 - 1:30 - Lunch, Optional tour of SFMNHP's Library and Historic Documents in Building E.

1:30 - 2:00 - Conserving Unique and Historic Ships - John Kearon - National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside.

2:00 - 3:30 Two sessions:
Ships in Dry Berths Moderator: Rich Pekelney - National Maritime Museum Association
The Snagboat W. T. Preston: A Case Study in the Dry Berth Preservation of Historic Vessels - Scott Stroh - Anacortes Museum
SS Great Britain Project - Chris Young
The Pros & Cons of Permanently Dry-Docking Historic Vessels - Captain S.T. Waite - Cutty Sark

Ship Reports II- Moderator: Wayne Boykin - Ships Manager - SFMNHP
Historic Tugboat Luna - Patrick Otton - Luna Preservation Society Inc.
Wawona Bow Restoration - Bill White - NWSeaport Maritime Heritage Center
The Ship Half Moon A Replica of the Dutch Ship of Exploration Commanded by Henry Hudson in 1609 - W.T. Reynolds
Project Update: Cruiser Olympia - Paul DeOrsay - Cruiser Olympia Association.
with: Preservation Plan: Cruiser Olympia
3:30 - 3:45 - Break

3:45 - 4:15 -A Rationale for Replica Ships - Fred Walker - Fred Walker Ltd.

6:00 - 9:00 - USS Pampanito Evening, Ship Tours, Demonstrations

Tuesday, April 22

7:30 - 8:00 - Coffee

8:00 - 8:30 - Installing Modern Equipment in Museum Ships - Bernt Kure - Fregatten Jylland

8:30 - 9:00 - Hazardous Materials Or Regulatory Compliance-A Partial Overview - Strafford Morss - Morss Ship Restoration

9:00 - 10:30 Preservation Standards - Moderator: Kevin Foster - US National Park Service Maritime Initiative
Vessel Preservation Standards Kevin Foster - US National Park Service Maritime Initiative
Dr. Robert Prescott - Scottish Institute of Maritime Studies
Preservation Standards: Some Aspects of the Impact of the National Lottery John Robinson - National Historic Ships Committee
The Role Of The Curator In Historic Ship Preservation - Aldona Sendzikas - USS Bowfin

10:30 - 10:45 - Break

10:45 - 12:30 Two sessions:
Wood Hulls I - Moderator: Michael Albright - Wood Science and Technology Centre
Reducing Decay During Environmental Change - Dr. Derek Sinclair - Scottish Institute for Wood Technology
Boron Wood Preservatives And Their Application To Historic Wooden Vessels - Dave Casebolt - SFMNHP
Pressure Preservative Treatment of Structural Glued Laminated Timber - Maurice Rhude - Sentinel Structures

Steel Hulls I - Moderator: Channing Zucker - Historic Naval Ships Association
Diminishing Shipyard Resources - Jon Wenzel - HMS Belfast
Coatings - Strafford Morss - Morss Ship Restoration
Preservation of Iron Ships in the Marine Environment - Don Birkholz - TriCoastal Marine
Lead Paint And Osha Regulations:Scraping the Voids on the USS Iowa and the USS Wisconsin - James Houk

12:30 - 2:00 - Lunch, Optional tour of SFMNHP's Collections Management area in Building E.

2:00 - 3:30 Two sessions:
Wood Hulls II - Moderator: Ron Oakes, SFMNHP
Effects Of Wood Condition On Stress Wave And Torque Drill NDE Techniques - Michael Albright - Wood Science and Technology Centre
NDE of historic structures-USS Constitution - William Nelson (for Robert Rosss) - USDA Forest Products Lab
A Cold Molded Shell for USS Constellation - Andrew Davis - Tri-Coastal Marine
Pressure Preservative Ship Members - Maurice Rhude - Sentinal Structures

Steel Hulls II - Moderator: Channing Zucker - Historic Naval Ships Association
Operational Equipment on Static Ships - Scott Sprague - USS Pampanito
Repair Techniques of Riveted Vessels - Bob Dvorak, Jim Brauer - Bay Shipbuilding
Some aspects of the restoration of the 3-masted barque Glenlee - Hamish Hardie - Clyde Maritime Trust
Setting Priorities Aboard USS Kidd Or The Confessions Of A Marginal Operator - Tim Rizzuto, USS Kidd

3:30 - 3:45 - Break

3:45 - 4:15 - Shrink wrapping Ships - Randy Dutton - FPM Rep.

5:30 - 8:00 - Ship Tours of Hyde Street Pier, hors-d'oeuvres
Oscar Toback - Sail making demo
Small Craft Collection Tour of Haslett Warehouse

Wednesday, 23

7:30 - 8:00 - Coffee

8:00 - 9:30 Two sessions:
Special Session I -Moderator: Scott Sprague - National Maritime Museum Association
"Knot Before Time", Factors Affecting The Mooring Of The Barque Polly Woodside - Ken Shewan
Satisfying The Paying Public:The Effective Interpretation of Historic Ships and Boats - Matthew Tanner - National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside
The Influence of Iron in Ship Construction:1660 to 1830. - Peter Goodwin - HMS Victory
Replicating Historic Components - Gregg Powsland - Fine Art & Works of Art

Education Programs - Moderator: Dan Stetson - Orange County Maritime Institute
Navigating our future by sailing through our past. - Nancy Martling - National Maritime Museum Association
Old Ships and Education - Raymond Ashley - Maritime Museum of San Diego
Walter Rybka - Brig Niagra
Preserving the Heritage by Preserving the Skills - Dick Wagner - Center for Wooden Boats

9:30 - 9:45 - Break

9:45 - 11:15 Two sessions:
Operating Vessels - Moderator: Al Lutz, SFMNHP
Walter Rybka - Brig Niagra
Steam Tug Yelta From Wreck To Revenue-A New Life For An Old Tug - Bob Holme - Yelta
Operating Vessels - Steamship Katahdin Richard McKeil - Moosehead Marine Museum
The Museum Ship S/S Sankt Erik. Practical aspects of the restoration process of an operational ship. - Dr. Leif Malmberg - Sankt Erik

Special Session II - Moderator - Bill Doll - SFMNHP
Historic Ship Preservation in Japan - Douglas Brooks
Large Watercraft in Museum Collections - Nick Burningham - Western Australian Maritime Museum
Construction Techniques of HMS Victory - Peter Goodwin - HMS Victory
Dances With Wires: An Unusual Rigging Project - Kathleen Murphy - Public Works Canada

11:15 - 11:45 - The Climate of the Vasa Museum - a conflict between the museum object and the museum building - Written Report Submitted by Brigitta Hafors - Vasa Museet

11:45 - 1:15 - Lunch

1:15 - 2:45 Two sessions:
Traditional Rigging - Moderator: Rich Pekelney - National Maritime Museum Association
Historic Balclutha Sails & Today's Options -Jim Brink - Sail maker
Accuracy vs. safety vs. profit, Moshulu Dress Rig - James L. White - SFMNHP
Notes on WarriorRigging 1860-1997 - Captain T Fraser Morgan - HMS Warrior
Pine Tar; History And Uses - Ted Kaye - Mystic Seaport Museum

Special Session III - Moderator: Todd Croteau - HABS/HAER US National Park Service
Documenting Vessels for HABS/HAER using CAD and Photogrammetry - Todd Croteau - HABS/HAER US National Park Service
USS Constitution Documentation - Patrick Otton - USS Constitution
with: Historical Documentation Appendix

Building a Replica of Peter the Great's Shtandart - Vladimir Martous, Maritime Training Center
Restoration of the Estonian Historic Vessels - Urmas Dresen - Estonian Maritime Museum

2:45 - 3:00 - Break

3:00 - 4:30 How Historic Ships Earn Their Keep - Moderator: Peter Stanford - National Maritime Historical Society
Project Sea Witch - Melbourne Smith
Paying Their Way - Raymond Ashley - Maritime Museum of San Diego
How We Preserve Ships in a Diverse Local Museum. - Andy King - Bristol Industrial Museum
Peter Stanford - N.M.H.S.

Optional Thursday, 23rd

Lunch time tour of Wapama

Papers Listed by Author

Effects Of Wood Condition On Stress Wave And Torque Drill NDE Techniques - Michael Albright - Wood Science and Technology Centre
Old Ships and Education - Raymond Ashley - Maritime Museum of San Diego
Paying Their Way - Raymond Ashley - Maritime Museum of San Diego
Preservation of Iron Ships in the Marine Environment - Don Birkholz - TriCoastal Marine
Historic Balclutha Sails & Today's Options -Jim Brink - Sail maker
Large Watercraft in Museum Collections - Nick Burningham - Western Australian Maritime Museum
Boron Wood Preservatives and Their Application To Historic Wooden Vessels - Dave Casebolt - SF Maritime NHP
Documenting Vessels for HABS/HAER using CAD and Photogrammetry - Todd Croteau - HABS/HAER US National Park Service
A Cold Molded Shell for USS Constellation - Andrew Davis - Tri-Coastal Marine
Project Update: Cruiser Olympia - Paul DeOrsay - Cruiser Olympia Association.
with: Preservation Plan: Cruiser Olympia
Shrink wrapping Ships - Randy Dutton - FPM Rep.
Repair Techniques of Riveted Vessels - Bob Dvorak, Jim Brauer - Bay Shipbuilding
Vessel Preservation Standards Kevin Foster - US National Park Service Maritime Initiative
The Influence of Iron in Ship Construction:1660 to 1830. - Peter Goodwin - HMS Victory
The Climate of the Vasa Museum - a conflict between the museum object and the museum building - Brigitta Hafors - Vasa Museet
Some aspects of the restoration of the 3-masted barque Glenlee - Hamish Hardie - Clyde Maritime Trust
Steam Tug Yelta From Wreck To Revenue-A New Life For An Old Tug - Bob Holme - Yelta
Lead Paint And Osha Regulations:Scraping the Voids on the USS Iowa and the USS Wisconsin - James Houk
The Barque Edwin Fox Restoration - Carl Irrgang
Mixed Media As Used In Rigging Balclutha - Chris Jannini - SFMNHP
Preservation and Restoration of Historic Vessels in Virtual Environments - Otto Jons - Advanced Marine Enterprises
Finding 18th Century Materials Today - Ted Kaye - Mystic Seaport Museum
Pine Tar; History And Uses - Ted Kaye - Mystic Seaport Museum
Conserving Unique and Historic Ships - John Kearon - National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside.
How We Preserve Ships in a Diverse Local Museum. - Andy King - Bristol Industrial Museum
Installing Modern Equipment in Museum Ships - Bernt Kure - Fregatten Jylland
Report on USS Constellation - Louis Linden - Constellation Foundation Inc.
The museum ship s/s Sankt Erik. Practical aspects of the restoration process of an operational ship. - Dr. Leif Malmberg - Sankt Erik
Navigating our future by sailing through our past. - Nancy Martling - National Maritime Museum Association
Operating Vessels - Steamship Katahdin Richard McKeil - Moosehead Marine Museum
Notes on WarriorRigging 1860-1997 - Captain T Fraser Morgan - HMS Warrior
Coatings - Strafford Morss - Morss Ship Restoration
Hazardous Materials Or Regulatory Compliance-A Partial Overview - Strafford Morss - Morss Ship Restoration
Dances With Wires: An Unusual Rigging Project - Kathleen Murphy - Public Works Canada
NDE of Historic Structures-USS Constitution - William Nelson (for Robert Rosss) - USDA Forest Products Lab
USS Constitution Rehabilitation And Restoration - Patrick Otton - USS Constitution
with:Materials on USS Constitution
with: Sources Of Materials Used By Naval Historical Center Det Boston USS Constitution M & R Facility
USS Constitution Documentation - Patrick Otton - USS Constitution
with: Historical Documentation Appendix
Historic Tugboat Luna - Patrick Otton - Luna Preservation Society Inc.
Replicating Historic Components - Gregg Powsland - Fine Art & Works of Art
Testing Materials for Use in Historic Ship Maintenance and Renovation - W.T. Reynolds - Half Moon
with: The Effect of Ethylene Glycol and Sodium Borate Solutions on the Adhesion of Epoxy
with: The effect of microbacterial digestion on Red Oak, White Pine, and WEST SYSTEM(R) 105/206 cured epoxy.
The Ship Half Moon A Replica of the Dutch Ship of Exploration Commanded by Henry Hudson in 1609 - W.T. Reynolds
Pressure Preservative Treatment of Structural Glued Laminated Timber - Maurice Rhude - Sentinel Structures
Setting Priorities Aboard USS Kidd Or The Confessions Of A Marginal Operator - Tim Rizzuto, USS Kidd
Preservation Standards: Some Aspects of the Impact of the National Lottery John Robinson - National Historic Ships Committee
The Role Of The Curator In Historic Ship Preservation - Aldona Sendzikas - USS Bowfin
"Knot Before Time", Factors Affecting The Mooring Of The Barque Polly Woodside - Ken Shewan
Reducing Decay During Environmental Change - Dr. Derek Sinclair - Scottish Institute for Wood Technology
Project Sea Witch - Melbourne Smith
Operational Equipment on Static Ships - Scott Sprague - USS Pampanito
The Snagboat W. T. Preston: A Case Study in the Dry Berth Preservation of Historic Vessels - Scott Stroh - Anacortes Museum
Satisfying The Paying Public: The Effective Interpretation of Historic Ships and Boats - Matthew Tanner - National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside
Preserving the Heritage by Preserving the Skills - Dick Wagner - Center for Wooden Boats
The Pros & Cons of Permanently Dry-Docking Historic Vessels - Captain S.T. Waite - Cutty Sark
A Rationale for Replica Ships - Fred Walker - Fred Walker Ltd.
Diminishing Shipyard Resources - Jon Wenzel - HMS Belfast
Accuracy vs. safety vs. profit, Moshulu Dress Rig - James L. White - SFMNHP
Wawona Bow Restoration - Bill White - NWSeaport Maritime Heritage Center
SS Great Britain Project - Chris Young

How To Order Conference Proceedings

Audio tapes of most of the sessions may be reviewed for free at the J. Porter Shaw Library of San Francisco Maritime National Historic Park.

Copies of professionaly recorded audio tapes are also available for purchase. How to order audio tapes.

 

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Version 2.01, 13 Sep 2006